A large number of standards (languages, vocabularies, ontologies, etc.) are used in the field of energy in the Helmholtz Association. It is recommended to work with the standards presented in the following alphabetical list.
The Energy Hub is always interested in hearing about how you are working with these standards and would appreciate hearing about standards that are not yet listed here. So feel free to get in touch with us about this!
Basic Formal Ontology (BFO)
The Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) is a small, upper level ontology that is designed for use in supporting information retrieval, analysis and integration in scientific and other domains. BFO is a genuine upper ontology.
Data exchange format for 3D virtual city models.
CityGML - ADE for metadata
Allows storing metadata for existing objects in CityGML as well as in other ADEs.
COSEM - IEC 62056
IEC 62056 contains standards for data exchange in electricity meters. These are the international standard versions of the DLMS/COSEM specification. DLMS stands for Device Language Message Specification; COSEM stands for Companion Specification for Energy Metering.
The DataCite metadata schema contains metadata properties for identifying a resource for citation and retrieval purposes.
Ontology for smart devices in the Internet of Things
Descriptive Ontology for Linguistic and Cognitive Engineering
Dublin Core metadata is a bibliographic data format, a basic set of terms used to describe web resources.
European Materials Modelling Ontology / Elementary Multiperspective Material Ontology:
Development started from a description of the pysical world from physics, material sciences, and other applied sciences.
Central Information System for Energy Research Funding
An ontology for people: machine-readable ontology describing persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects.
ICAT / CSMD
The ICAT project provides a metadata catalog and other components (effectively an ontology) to support data management for experiments at large experimental facilities.
CSMD: Core Scientific Metadata; an ICAT underlying semantic model with generic character with respect to the scientific disciplines for whose experimental data it is applicable. Among others, it is used in the material sciences.
Series of standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) for a programming interface for energy management systems. IEC 61970-301 contains the core of the Common Information Model (CIM), which describes in UML classes for the description of generation, transmission and distribution of electrical power.
Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)
An open standard for describing buildings and infrastructure.
"Oil and Gas Ontology":
Industrial automation systems and integration - Integration of life-cycle data for process plants including oil and gas production facilities
Wind energy ontology
Open Energy Platform (OEP)
The Open Energy Family aims to ensure quality, transparency and reproducibility in energy system research. It is a collection of various tools and information and that help working with energy related data. It is a collaborative community effort, everything is openly developed and therefore constantly evolving.
With an Open Energy Ontology (OEO), Fraunhofer IEE and partners in the SzenarienDB project want to standardize terms in energy system analysis and thus simplify collaboration with different energy system models and the exchange of data and scenarios.
OWL2 ontology for data provenance. It provides a set of classes, properties, and restrictions that can be used to represent and interchange provenance information generated in different systems and under different contexts.
QUDT is a set of ontologies developed by NASA that provides a unified model of measured quantities, their dimensions and units, and instances of data with specified quantities, units, and values.
Ontology of power-consuming smart (home/industry) appliances. The starting point of SAREF is the concept of Device (e.g., a switch). Devices are tangible objects designed to accomplish one or more functions in households, common public buildings or offices.
SEMANCO Energy Model - Urban Energy Ontology
An energy information system ontology
Semantic Sensor Network Ontology (SSN)
The Semantic Sensor Network (SSN) ontology describes sensors and their measured values, as well as other entities in the field of sensor networks.
SKOS is an area of work developing specifications and standards to support the use of knowledge organization systems (KOS) such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading systems and taxonomies within the framework of the Semantic Web.
The Sensor, Observation, Sample, and Actuator (SOSA) ontology provides a formal but lightweight general-purpose specification for modellingthe interaction between the entities involved in the acts of observation, actuation, and sampling.
Suggested Upper Merged Ontology
SUMO belongs to the IEEE is free (GNU General Public License)
Several extensions of SUMO handle domains of fundamental importance
W3C OWL Time Ontology
Ontology of temporal concepts
Describes the temporal properties of resources
A weather ontology for predictive control in smart homes.